What a Junior Developers Should Do in the Software Industry – Recommendations and Roadmaps + Git CheatSheet

What A Junior Developers Should Do In The Software Industry -- Recommendations And Roadmaps + Git Cheatsheet

What Junior Developers should do? Entering the software development industry as a junior developer can be overwhelming. You are suddenly faced with a plethora of technologies, methodologies, and terminologies to grasp. While exciting, this can also be daunting. In this blog post, we will delve deep into ways a junior developers can navigate the software development landscape effectively. We’ll touch upon mastering the fundamentals, understanding development methodologies, improving soft skills, and some tips and tricks to make your journey smoother.

Master the Fundamentals: Build a Strong Foundation

Before diving into the intricate world of software development frameworks and libraries, it’s absolutely imperative to have a robust understanding of programming fundamentals. This means you need to understand core data structures like arrays, linked lists, and trees as well as fundamental algorithms related to sorting and searching. Whether you’re coding in Python, Java, or any other language, these foundational concepts are universally applicable and serve as the essential building blocks of any software application.


  • Utilize online platforms like LeetCode or HackerRank to practice algorithms in a simulated environment. These platforms provide hands-on experience and direct feedback, making them invaluable tools for learning.
  • Make it a routine to revisit essential computer science subjects like Operating Systems, Computer Networks, and Database Management Systems. This will not only broaden your understanding but also help you see the real-world applications of theoretical concepts.

Development Methodologies: Agile, Scrum, and Beyond

Software development isn’t solely about churning out lines of code; it’s a structured process that involves multiple steps from concept to deployment. Understanding development methodologies such as Agile and Scrum can offer you invaluable insights into how software projects mature over time. In practical settings, you’ll often find yourself participating in daily stand-up meetings, discussing sprints, user stories, and backlogs. Knowing the intricacies of these terms and how they fit into the broader software development life cycle can significantly boost your effectiveness as a team member.


  • Always participate actively in stand-up meetings. This is not just for updates but also for understanding what the rest of the team is working on.
  • Familiarize yourself with project management tools like JIRA or Trello. These tools are often central to managing tasks, user stories, and workflow in a modern development environment.

Version Control: Git Good

In the current landscape of software development, version control is a non-negotiable skill, and Git is the most commonly used version control system. A comprehensive understanding of Git goes beyond merely learning a few commands. It involves mastering the art of branching, committing changes, merging branches, and more. Proficiency in Git not only facilitates smooth collaboration with teammates but also serves as a safety net, helping you avoid calamities like code overwrites.

Git Commands Cheat Sheet PDF


  • Learn the foundational Git commands such as git clone, git commit, git merge, and git pull. These will be your bread and butter for version control.
  • If the command line seems daunting initially, consider using Git GUI clients like SourceTree. These offer a more intuitive interface for Git operations.

How to Get into IT: Paths for Beginners

Networking: It’s Who You Know

In the ever-evolving tech landscape, having a substantial professional network can be your biggest asset. A robust network can help you land job referrals, provide professional advice, and keep you updated on industry trends. Meetups, hackathons, and conferences are excellent venues for meeting peers and experts in your field.


  • When sending connection requests on LinkedIn, always personalize your message. A generic “I’d like to connect with you” rarely leaves an impression.
  • Regularly participate in online forums and communities related to software development. It’s a two-way street: you can seek advice and also share your own insights.

Soft Skills: More Than Just Coding

While technical acumen is crucial, soft skills such as communication, problem-solving, and adaptability play an equally vital role in your professional journey. Effective communication is key when you need to convey complex technical ideas to both specialized and non-specialized audiences. Demonstrating proactive behavior and a genuine willingness to learn can make you an indispensable part of any development team.


  • Engage in pair programming sessions. They are not just an excellent way to improve your coding skills but also a great way to enhance your communication abilities.
  • Always maintain an open mind when receiving feedback. Constructive criticism is a pathway to improvement. Don’t hesitate to ask for help or clarification when you need it.

The Daily Grind: Streamlining Workflows

In a developer’s day-to-day life, efficiency can be significantly enhanced by mastering a few keyboard shortcuts and IDE tricks. Investing the time to thoroughly understand your development environment can pay off enormously in the long run. Small things like customizing your IDE, using shortcuts for code auto-completion, navigating swiftly between files, and debugging can make your coding experience both more enjoyable and productive.


  • Take time to learn keyboard shortcuts for frequent tasks like code auto-completion, file navigation, and debugging. These little time-savers add up.
  • Consider installing extensions and plugins that complement your development workflow. Many IDEs offer a wide array of plugins that can help you write cleaner, more efficient code.

What should a junior software developer do?

  1. Learn the Codebase: Familiarize yourself with the existing codebase and try to understand how various components interact.
  2. Take on Small Tasks: Initially, take on smaller tasks to understand the development workflow, from writing code to deployment.
  3. Code Review and Testing: Actively participate in code reviews to both learn from others and understand the quality expectations. Conduct unit testing and debugging for your code and possibly for others as well.
  4. Collaborate: Work effectively with team members, including other developers, designers, project managers, and QA testers.
  5. Ask Questions: Don’t hesitate to ask for clarification or assistance when you’re stuck or when you don’t understand why something is done a certain way.
  6. Documentation: Keep up-to-date documentation for any modules or functionalities you build. This is a good practice and helps the rest of the team understand your contributions.

What does a junior software developer need to know?

  1. Programming Languages: Proficiency in at least one programming language commonly used in the industry such as Java, Python, C++, JavaScript, etc.
  2. Version Control: Basic understanding of version control systems like Git.
  3. Data Structures and Algorithms: Basic knowledge of how to store, access, and manipulate data efficiently.
  4. Debugging: Familiarity with debugging tools and techniques in the development environment.
  5. Basic Networking: Understanding of HTTP, APIs, and basic client-server architecture.
  6. Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC): Awareness of different stages of software development, such as requirements gathering, development, testing, deployment, and maintenance.

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How do you guide a junior software engineer?

  1. Orientation and Onboarding: Give them a thorough introduction to the codebase, team dynamics, and project requirements.
  2. Pair Programming: Initially, pair them with more experienced developers to speed up the learning process.
  3. Regular Check-ins: Have frequent one-on-one meetings to discuss progress, challenges, and future tasks.
  4. Code Reviews: Provide constructive feedback on their code, explaining both what is good and what needs improvement.
  5. Skill Development: Encourage them to take courses, attend workshops, or engage in other forms of continuous learning.

What could junior developers do to help you run a successful business?

  1. Take Initiative: Proactively look for and solve issues in the codebase, improving the product without always being told to do so.
  2. Efficiency: Work on improving their skills to complete tasks faster and with higher quality, thereby speeding up project timelines.
  3. Adaptability: Quickly learn new tools, technologies, and methods that can help improve the development process or the product itself.

What is expected from a junior developer?

  1. Willingness to Learn: Eagerness to absorb new knowledge and skills.
  2. Teamwork: Ability to work well in a team, listen to feedback, and collaborate on solutions.
  3. Reliability: Completing tasks within given timelines and being accountable for your work.
  4. Quality Work: Writing clean, well-documented, and efficient code.

Top 3 Things That Make a Successful Developer

  1. Problem-Solving: Ability to break down complex problems into smaller, manageable tasks and come up with efficient solutions.
  2. Communication Skills: Being able to clearly articulate your ideas, understand others, and work effectively in a team environment.
  3. Continuous Learning: The tech industry is always evolving. Successful developers keep up-to-date with new technologies, methodologies, and best practices.

These are guidelines and may vary depending on the specific role, company, and other factors.

Please Do It

  1. Junior Developers: Complete your GitHub profile to showcase your coding projects and attract potential employers.
  2. Junior Developers: Schedule regular code reviews with more experienced developers to gain constructive feedback.
  3. Junior Developers: Set aside time each week to learn new programming languages or frameworks.
  4. Junior Developers: Familiarize yourselves with version control systems like Git to better collaborate with your team.
  5. Junior Developers: Attend industry conferences and webinars to stay updated on the latest trends and network with professionals.
  6. Junior Developers: Keep a coding journal to document your learning process, challenges, and solutions.
  7. Junior Developers: Contribute to open-source projects to gain real-world experience and improve your coding skills.
  8. Junior Developers: Create a professional LinkedIn profile and connect with industry experts for mentorship and job opportunities.
  9. Junior Developers: Practice problem-solving with coding challenges on platforms like LeetCode or HackerRank.
  10. Junior Developers: Build a portfolio website to display your skills, projects, and achievements in a consolidated manner.

In Conclusion

Embarking on a career in software development can be challenging, but arming yourself with the right skills and knowledge can make all the difference. Remember, mastering the fundamentals is crucial, but so is understanding the bigger picture involving development methodologies and soft skills. Don’t underestimate the importance of networking and never stop learning. Software development is a vast field; there’s always something new to learn, a problem to solve, or a code to refactor.

Remember, the only constant in software development is change. So, be adaptable, be proactive, and most importantly, be ready to learn. Happy coding!

Balance is Key for Junior Software Professionals

Software roles, especially at the junior level, require a balanced skill set. While hard skills might get you the job, soft skills will help you excel in team settings and contribute to your career growth. Employers in the software industry are keen on finding candidates who are not just technically adept but also capable of effective communication, teamwork, and critical thinking. Therefore, building both hard and soft skills is not an option but a necessity for a fruitful career in software development.

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