Difference Between Leadership and Management
Many professional wonder about the difference between leadership and management. Are they synonymous or different ?
Leadership and management are two different terms in business. They are the most commonly used words in project management and a lot of project management practitioner mix up these two different terms. Are all managers leaders ? or All leaders managers ? In this article, we will take a glance at both terms.
Leadership and Management
Is a good manager means a good leader ? Do they have the same skills ?
Leader and manager terms are used widely in business. Although both leader and manager direct people or team members, they refer different concepts. There are significant distinctions between these two roles. Let’s analyze them in detail.
Who is a Manager ?
A manager is a member of an organization who conducts duties and coordinates people in order to meet organizational goals. A manager has the authority and the power of people in his team. Based on the performance and behaviour of employees, he can punish or reward them.
Most managers tend to be leaders but only a few of them who possess leadership functions such as creating a vision, changing systems influencing people etc. can be leaders. Mostly they mantain the status and focus on short term goals.
Managers build or mantain systems and processes in order to get credit from top management or stakeholders.
Who is a Leader ?
In business and project management, a leader is a person who is setting a vision for a group of people or who influences a group towards the achievement of a goal.
Generally, leaders are people who have innovative and creative solutions for an organization.
Leaders don’t necessarily hold or occupy a management position, they can be a figure inside or outside the organization.
Traits Needed to Be a Leader
Below are some of the traits that a good leader must have;
- Inspiration: A leader must have ability to inspire his team and persuade them to follow him. Leaders have their own styles. They are willing to be themselves.
- Ability to Solve the Problems: A leader should carry the responsibility to solve the problems when needed. They must have their own techniques to solve the problems.
- Honesty & Integrity: Honesty and integrity are the ingredients that a good manager must have. Otherwise people don’t believe you and they don’t follow you. Leaders build royalty and trust.
- Vision: A leader must know where he is and what he would like to achieve or accomplish in the mid-term or long-term future.
- Communication: A leader must be a good communicator who conveys his ideas and opinions to others in an effective way. He must keep others informed of the journey and explains where they are and where they will arrive.
Traits Needed to Be a Manager
There are traits that a good manager must have. Below are some of them;
- Having Ability to Execute a Vision: A manager must have ability to execute a strategic vision. He creates a roadmap for his team to follow the vision.
- Having Ability to Direct the Team: A manager directs his team to perform their responsibilities on a daly basis. He makes resource planning and optimizes the resources while directing the team.
- Having Ability to Manage the Process: Establishing processes, work rules and creating procedures are the managers business to run the business effectively.
- People Focused: Managers must be people focused. They must be aware of the team members needs to increase their productivity. A manager must also encourage decision making within the team to solve the problems effectively.
The Differences Between a Manager and a Leader
One of the main difference between a leader and a manager is that a leader guides people or team members to attain the goal. However a manager forces team members to work for the goal. Managers administer people to perform their daily work efforts.
There are lots of differences between a manager and a leader. A few of them are below
- Leaders build a vision, managers follow goals and targets
- Leaders like to change the status and the sytems, managers like to mantain the status.
- Leaders think long-term, managers think short-term.
- Leaders coach, managers administer
- Leaders focus on people, manager focus on systems and structure
- Leaders guide workforce towards success, managers tell people what to do.
- Leaders invent. On the other hand managers organize the team work.
- Leaders take risks. On the other hand managers control risks.
- Leaders innovate. On the other hand managers rely on existing and proven methods.
- Leaders have fans. On the other hand managers have employees.
Leadership and management are two important concepts in business. Managers and leaders carry different responsibilities and roles. Simply put managers have functions such as planning, organizing, leading, and controlling different than leaders. Leaders have different functions such as motivation, encouraging employees, providing inspiration and guidance different than managers.
A leader and a manager may carry out the same responsibility while managing a project or a company. Because there is a continual adjustment of the direction and controlling resources to achieve the goals.
In this article we answer the question – what is the difference between leadership and management ? We hope that it will be useful for the professionals who want to improve their knowledge in the field of project management.