 # Countif Not Blank in Excel: A Comprehensive Guide

When it comes to working with data in Excel, one of the most common tasks is counting cells (Countif function) that are not empty or blank. Excel has a built-in function called “COUNTIF” that can be used to achieve this. In this article, we will discuss how to use the COUNTIF function to count non-blank cells in Excel.

1. What is the COUNTIF function in Excel?
2. Syntax and usage of the COUNTIF function
3. Counting non-blank cells with the COUNTIF function
4. Using the COUNTA function to count non-blank cells
5. Using a combination of functions to count non-blank cells
6. Advanced techniques for counting non-blank cells
1. Using conditional formatting
2. Using a pivot table
7. Tips and tricks for working with the COUNTIF function
8. Common errors and how to avoid them
9. Conclusion
10. FAQs

## 1. What is the COUNTIF function in Excel?

The COUNTIF function is a built-in Excel function that counts the number of cells within a range that meet a specific criterion or condition. This function is commonly used to count cells that contain a certain value or text string, but it can also be used to count cells that are not empty or blank.

## 2. Syntax and usage of the COUNTIF function

The syntax of the COUNTIF function is as follows:

```=COUNTIF(range, criteria) ```

Where `range` is the range of cells that you want to count, and `criteria` is the condition that you want to apply to the cells.

For example, to count the number of cells in the range A1:A10 that contain the text “apple”, you would use the following formula:

```=COUNTIF(A1:A10, "apple") ```

## 3. Counting non-blank cells with the COUNTIF function

To count non-blank cells in Excel using the COUNTIF function, you can use the criteria `"<>""`, which means “not equal to an empty string”.

For example, to count the number of non-blank cells in the range A1:A10, you would use the following formula:

```=COUNTIF(A1:A10, "<>""") ```

This formula will count all cells in the range that are not empty or blank.

## 4. Using the COUNTA function to count non-blank cells

Another way to count non-blank cells in Excel is to use the COUNTA function. The syntax of the COUNTA function is as follows:

```=COUNTA(value1, [value2], ...) ```

Where `value1`, `value2`, etc. are the values or ranges of cells that you want to count.

For example, to count the number of non-blank cells in the range A1:A10, you would use the following formula:

```=COUNTA(A1:A10) ```

This formula will count all cells in the range that are not empty or blank.

## 5. Using a combination of functions to count non-blank cells

You can also use a combination of functions to count non-blank cells in Excel. For example, you can use the IF function to check if a cell is empty or not, and then use the COUNTIF function to count the non-blank cells. The syntax of the IF function is as follows:

```=IF(logical_test, value_if_true, value_if_false) ```

Where `logical_test` is the condition that you want to test, `value_if_true` is the value or formula to return if the condition is true

and `value_if_false` is the value or formula to return if the condition is false.

For example, to count the number of non-blank cells in the range A1:A10 using a combination of functions, you would use the following formula:

```=COUNTIF(A1:A10, "<>"""&IF(A1:A10<>"",TRUE,FALSE)) ```

This formula will first check if each cell in the range A1:A10 is empty or not using the IF function, and return a value of TRUE or FALSE. Then, it will concatenate the resulting values with the criteria `"<>"""` using the `&` operator, and count the cells that meet the resulting condition.

## 6. Advanced techniques for counting non-blank cells

### 6.1 Using conditional formatting

Another way to count non-blank cells in Excel is to use conditional formatting. You can use conditional formatting to highlight non-blank cells in a range, and then use the COUNT function to count the highlighted cells.

To do this, follow these steps:

1. Select the range of cells that you want to count.
2. Click on the “Conditional Formatting” button in the “Home” tab of the ribbon.
3. Select “New Rule”.
4. Select “Use a formula to determine which cells to format”.
5. Enter the formula `=LEN(A1)>0` in the “Format values where this formula is true” box, where `A1` is the first cell in the range.
6. Click on the “Format” button, and choose a format to apply to the non-blank cells.
7. Click on “OK” to close the “Format Cells” dialog box.
8. Click on “OK” again to close the “New Formatting Rule” dialog box.

The non-blank cells in the range will now be highlighted with the chosen format. To count the highlighted cells, use the following formula:

```=COUNTIF(A1:A10, "*") ```

This formula will count all cells in the range that contain any text or value, including those that are highlighted with conditional formatting.

### 6.2 Using a pivot table

You can also use a pivot table to count non-blank cells in Excel. To do this, follow these steps:

1. Select the range of cells that you want to count.
2. Click on the “Insert” tab in the ribbon.
3. Click on “PivotTable” in the “Tables” group.
4. Choose where you want to place the pivot table, and click on “OK”.
5. Drag the field that you want to count to the “Values” area of the pivot table.
6. Right-click on the field in the “Values” area, and choose “Value Field Settings”.
7. Choose “Count” as the summary function, and click on “OK”.

The pivot table will now show the count of non-blank cells in the selected range.

## 7. Tips and tricks for working with the COUNTIF function

Here are some tips and tricks for working with the COUNTIF function in Excel:

• You can use wildcards such as `*` and `?` in the criteria to match partial text or values.
• You can use cell references or named ranges in the range argument to make your formulas more flexible.
• If you want to count cells based on multiple criteria, you can use the COUNTIFS function, which works in a similar way to the COUNTIF function but allows you to specify multiple conditions.

## 8. Common errors and how to avoid them

Here are some common errors that you may encounter when using the COUNTIF function in Excel:

• Using the wrong syntax or arguments in the formula.
• Including spaces
• Using quotes around the range argument.
• Forgetting to use the ampersand operator (`&`) to concatenate text and cell references.
• Forgetting to use the double quotes (`""`) to enclose text in the criteria argument.
• Using the wrong comparison operator (e.g. using `=` instead of `<>` to count non-blank cells).

To avoid these errors, make sure to double-check your formulas and arguments and to use the correct syntax and operators.

## 9. Conclusion

In conclusion, the COUNTIF function is a powerful tool for counting non-blank cells in Excel. Using this function combined with other Excel functions and techniques such as IF statements, conditional formatting, and pivot tables, you can quickly and easily count non-blank cells in your spreadsheets. Remember to use the tips and tricks in this article to make your formulas more flexible and avoid common errors. With a little practice, you can become an Excel expert in counting non-blank cells and take your data analysis skills to the next level.

## FAQs

1. What is the difference between COUNTIF and COUNTA functions in Excel?
• The COUNTIF function counts cells based on a specific condition, while the COUNTA function counts all cells that are not empty.
1. Can I use the COUNTIF function to count cells based on multiple conditions?
• No, you need to use the COUNTIFS function to count cells based on multiple conditions.
1. Can I use the COUNTIF function to count cells based on color or font?
• No, the COUNTIF function only counts cells based on the cell contents, not on the cell format.
1. Can I use the COUNTIF function to count cells in multiple sheets or workbooks?
• Yes, you can use the INDIRECT function to refer to cells in other sheets or workbooks.
1. Can I use the COUNTIF function to count cells in a non-contiguous range?
• No, you need to use a combination of the SUM and COUNTIF functions to count cells in a non-contiguous range.
Tags: