Concatenate Strings in Excel: A Comprehensive Guide – projectcubicle

Concatenate Strings in Excel

Concatenation is a fundamental operation in Excel that involves combining two or more text strings into one. It is an important function that is widely used in data analysis, reporting, and other applications. In this article, we will explore various methods to concatenate strings in Excel, along with tips and tricks that will help you get the most out of this powerful function.

  1. Using the CONCATENATE function

The CONCATENATE function is the most basic method of combining text strings in Excel. It is easy to use and works with any version of Excel. To use the CONCATENATE function, simply follow these steps:

  • Enter the formula =CONCATENATE(string1,string2,…) in a cell where you want to display the concatenated text. Replace string1, string2, and so on with the text strings you want to combine.
  • Press Enter to display the concatenated text.

For example, to concatenate the text strings “Hello” and “World” into “Hello World”, enter the formula =CONCATENATE(“Hello”, “World”) in a cell and press Enter.



  1. Using the “&” operator

Another way to concatenate text strings in Excel is to use the “&” operator. This method is more concise and easier to read than the CONCATENATE function. To use the “&” operator, follow these steps:

  • Enter the first text string in a cell, followed by the “&” operator and the second text string, and so on. For example, enter “Hello” & “World” to display “Hello World”.
  • Press Enter to display the concatenated text.
  1. Using the TEXTJOIN function

The TEXTJOIN function is a newer function in Excel that was introduced in Excel 2016. It is a more versatile and powerful function that can concatenate text strings with a delimiter. To use the TEXTJOIN function, follow these steps:

  • Enter the formula =TEXTJOIN(delimiter, ignore_empty, string1, string2,…) in a cell where you want to display the concatenated text. Replace delimiter with the separator you want to use between the text strings. Use TRUE for ignore_empty to exclude empty cells from the concatenation. Replace string1, string2, and so on with the text strings you want to combine.
  • Press Enter to display the concatenated text.

For example, to concatenate the text strings “Hello”, “World”, and “!” into “Hello World!”, enter the formula =TEXTJOIN(” “, TRUE, “Hello”, “World”, “!”) in a cell and press Enter.

  1. Using the CONCAT function

The CONCAT function is another newer function in Excel that was introduced in Excel 2019. It is similar to the CONCATENATE function but with a simpler syntax. To use the CONCAT function, follow these steps:

  • Enter the formula =CONCAT(string1,string2,…) in a cell where you want to display the concatenated text. Replace string1, string2, and so on with the text strings you want to combine.
  • Press Enter to display the concatenated text.

For example, to concatenate the text strings “Hello” and “World” into “Hello World”, enter the formula =CONCAT(“Hello”, “World”) in a cell and press Enter.

  1. Using the JOIN function for Concatenate Strings in Excel

The JOIN function is a versatile function that can concatenate text strings with a delimiter. It works by combining an array of text strings into a single string with a specified separator. To use the JOIN function, follow these steps:

  • Enter the formula =JOIN(delimiter, array) in a cell where you want to display the concatenated text. Replace delimiter with the separator you want to use between the text strings. Replace array with the range of cells containing the textstrings you want to combine.
  • Press Enter to display the concatenated text.

For example, to concatenate the text strings “Hello”, “World”, and “!” into “Hello World!”, enter the formula =JOIN(” “, {“Hello”, “World”, “!”}) in a cell and press Enter.

  1. Concatenating text strings with functions

In addition to the methods mentioned above, you can also concatenate text strings with various functions in Excel. For example, you can use the LEFT function to extract the leftmost characters of a text string and concatenate them with other text strings. You can also use the RIGHT function to extract the rightmost characters of a text string and concatenate them with other text strings.

  1. Tips and tricks for concatenate strings in Excel



Here are some tips and tricks that will help you get the most out of concatenation in Excel:

  1. Use the CONCATENATE function or the “&” operator for simple concatenation tasks.
  2. Use the TEXTJOIN or JOIN functions for more complex concatenation tasks involving delimiters or arrays.
  3. Use functions like LEFT and RIGHT to extract characters from text strings before concatenating them with other text strings.
  4. Use the CONCAT function for a simpler syntax than the CONCATENATE function.
  5. Be mindful of empty cells when concatenating with the TEXTJOIN function. Use TRUE for ignore_empty to exclude empty cells from the concatenation.
  6. Use the CONCATENATE function or the “&” operator to concatenate numbers as text. Use the TEXT function to convert numbers to text before concatenating them.

In conclusion, concatenation is a powerful function in Excel that is used to combine text strings. There are multiple methods to concatenate text strings in Excel, including the CONCATENATE function, the “&” operator, the TEXTJOIN function, the CONCAT function, and the JOIN function. By using these methods and following the tips and tricks mentioned above, you can effectively concatenate text strings in Excel and improve your productivity in data analysis and reporting.

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